How to develop the most popular disposable fast fo

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How to develop the disposable fast food tableware industry in a healthy way

April 21, 2001 Dong Jinshi is no stranger to the word "white pollution". In fact, each of us is both a consumer and a polluter. When we consume a lot every day, we unconsciously produce a variety of pollution. Plastic bags and foam lunch boxes are closely related to the development of the whole national economy with the progress of plastic granulator technology. Various plastic packaging materials are loved by people before they are used, but become annoying garbage after they are used up in a flash. Should we think about what went wrong? Is it its fault or ours

with the acceleration of people's pace of life and the improvement of health requirements, the use of various disposable products has become a symbol of civilized life quality. For more than 10 years, foamed tableware has played a great role in ensuring people's healthy diet and fast pace of life because of its high quality and low price. The annual use amount is about 100000 tons (equivalent to 20billion lunch boxes), and the volume is more than 2 million cubic meters. However, white pollution is becoming more and more serious due to consumers' random discarding, untimely recycling management and difficult degradation of the product itself

in order to effectively control white pollution, the State Environmental Protection Administration issued HF [1997] No. 527 document on August 19, 1997, which clearly proposed that to solve the environmental problems caused by waste plastic products, the prevention and control principle of "taking education and publicity as the guide, strengthening management as the core, recycling as the means, and product substitution as the supplementary measures" should be implemented; At the same time, Beijing and Tianjin were required to carry out a nine month pilot program from September 1997 to June 1998. However, due to the short time of pilot work, lack of experience and too many problems to be solved, the objective fact that the pilot requirements have not been fully met. During this period, the spread of white pollution has not been controlled. In particular, the flood of the Yangtze River in 1998 washed a large amount of garbage accumulated along the Yangtze River into the river. In addition, a large number of plastic products thrown by tourists and flood fighting personnel in the water caused more than one meter thick white garbage to float on the water, which has aroused the great attention of the leaders of the State Council. Soon, the State Environmental Protection Administration and other five ministries and commissions jointly issued the notice on Several Opinions on strengthening the management of plastic packaging waste in key transportation trunk lines, river basins and tourist attractions, which sounded the alarm that the control of white pollution in the country is likely to become the object of capacity reduction. On january22,1999, the State Economic and Trade Commission issued Decree No. 6, requiring that the production, sale and use of disposable foamed plastic tableware be banned nationwide from 2001

it should be said that the promulgation of Decree No. 6 of the State Economic and Trade Commission lights up the red light for all enterprises whose products pollute the environment in terms of raw material source, production process, use process and waste after use, provides a certain policy basis for the pollution control of foaming tableware, and shows the government's determination to control white pollution

the main reason for banning foaming tableware should be that the visual white pollution caused by foaming tableware has not been effectively solved nationwide. If foamed tableware is banned, it will be a good opportunity for the development of new environmentally friendly tableware. Moreover, from the environmental point of view, we should promote the use of environmentally friendly tableware. However, there are many disputes and difficulties in the prohibition of foaming tableware, as well as many reasons such as the price and quality of new environmentally friendly tableware, resulting in the objective fact that the promotion of new environmentally friendly tableware is difficult

the promulgation of order No. 6 of the State Economic and Trade Commission has weakened the recycling of disposable tableware to some extent, and focused on the prohibition and substitution. It is impossible to draw a conclusion on the effect of the prohibition and substitution, and the speed control can not be controlled at a low level until the error is relatively large. However, according to the treatment experience of foreign plastic wastes, combined with China's national conditions, and based on years of research and practical experience in the industry, the following suggestions for the healthy development of the fast food tableware industry are put forward: 1. on the premise of continuing to implement the No. 6 order of the state economic and Trade Commission, all regions can formulate practical and feasible replacement plans according to their own conditions, and the State Economic and Trade Commission can timely adjust relevant policies and plans according to the implementation situation of all regions, To effectively solve the pollution caused by foaming tableware; 2. on the premise that foamed tableware is prohibited nationwide, some cities should be selected to carry out the pilot work of recycling foamed tableware and promoting the application of new environmentally friendly tableware. The pilot situation should be reported to the State Economic and Trade Commission and other relevant departments in time to promote the successful experience; 3. the prohibition of foaming tableware is only a means, not an end. All enterprises that produce products that pollute the environment are forced to wake up and actively participate in the treatment work through the prohibition. Let enterprises understand that: products pollute the environment, and enterprises are waiting for death if they do not take the initiative to deal with them; 4. take the prohibition of foamed plastic tableware as an opportunity to actively explore the treatment experience of other plastic products such as plastic bags, mulch films and shock-absorbing foam modules, gradually implement the obligation of producers, sellers and users to recycle plastic packaging products, implement the payment of polluters, establish a complete recycling operation mechanism that does not rely on government financial support, and use legal, administrative and economic means to comprehensively, systematically Scientifically solve the pollution caused by various plastic wastes, not only protect the environment, but also promote the sustainable and healthy development of the economy; 5. according to the life cycle theory (LCA), support and promote green products that truly meet the requirements of sustainable development of resources and environment, vigorously promote green consumption, standardize consumer behavior, reduce the occurrence of resource waste and environmental pollution, actively cooperate with the government's white work with everyone's effort, and make the best efforts to save limited resources and protect the earth's environment; 6. the enterprise must produce in accordance with the national disposable degradable tableware standard GB18006.1-1999. The technical supervision department should strengthen the quality management of new environmentally friendly tableware products, crack down on the manufacturers of fake and shoddy products, and ensure the health and safety of the people; 7. for other plastic tableware that neither belongs to foamed plastic tableware nor meets the degradation performance requirements of degradable tableware, but meets the hygienic requirements of food packaging, the manufacturing enterprise must have a feasible recycling plan and operation system, and it is required to achieve a clear recycling rate to prevent the generation of new white pollution; 8. while carrying out the replacement work, increase publicity, correctly guide consumption, and let consumers establish the idea of "using less, recycling, replacing, and degrading" disposable products. Enterprises should actively participate in the recycling and treatment of waste tableware, so as to gradually put the waste treatment on the benign track of "reduction, recycling, harmlessness, and industrialization"; 9. it is suggested to establish a "national white pollution control expert leading group" under the leadership of the State Economic and Trade Commission to scientifically formulate national industrial policies and make correct decisions for the healthy development of the disposable fast food tableware industry

with the improvement of people's living standards, the development of the fast food industry and the enhancement of people's awareness of environmental protection, the continuous emergence of new tableware will be irresistible, the types and use of fast food tableware will also continue to increase, the competition between foreign fast food container manufacturers and the fast food industry itself will be more intense, and the development direction will be more easy to recycle or be absorbed by the environment

as a research, development and production unit of new tableware, it should fully consider the source of raw materials, production process and scale, product quality (safety, health, physical and chemical indicators, use performance), price and how to deal with it after use of a new product under the banner of environmental protection, so as to minimize the weight and volume of tableware, minimize toxic and harmful substances, and maximize the value of recycling and recycling, The degradation rate is controllable, and the sustainable development road of resource conservation, environmental protection is taken

finally, I hope you will remember: there is no garbage in the world, but human beings make garbage themselves; Garbage is a resource misplaced; The garbage buried together is an indefinite time bomb. Only by classified treatment can it be reasonably used in the test method for inorganic hard thermal insulation products gb/t5486.1 (5) 486.3 (2) 001. It is believed that under the guidance of government policies and the support of all sectors of society, we will use our love, confidence and perseverance to treat resources well and protect the environment. A garbage free society will be realized and the white pollution caused by various plastic wastes will be solved

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