How to vigorously develop circular economy in packaging industry (Part 2)
2 According to media reports, during the Mid Autumn Festival last year, some manufacturers used rare and expensive wood such as rosewood and sandalwood for moon cake packaging. The luxury of its packaging can be seen! The over packaging even caused the dissatisfaction of the whole society. Some media reported that last year, college students in Chongqing organized various boycott activities and agreed not to buy moon cakes with gorgeous packaging to oppose over packaging
as businesses blindly follow the trend, there are not a few over packaged goods. Those prone to over packaging are generally luxury goods, such as precious medicinal materials, cigarettes and wine, electronic products, jewelry and cosmetics, gift moon cakes, etc. Because ordinary goods may be beautifully packed, but they will not be particularly luxurious. In a sense, excessive packaging is the reflection of social unhealthy trends in packaging. Over packaging of commodities only doubles the cost of commodities and increases the economic burden on consumers. Over time, most consumers will stop at the sight and eventually block the sales of commodities; The packaging is excessive, and there is no real high-quality content, so it is difficult to cultivate repeat customers, so we can only do one-time business; Waste resources, resulting in a large number of useless garbage, which is annoying
after the Mid Autumn Festival last year, the environmental sanitation department in Guangzhou disposed of more than 6million moon cake boxes. Except that some of them were recycled as waste, about 70% of them were finally disposed of as domestic waste. More than 3 million moon cake boxes are thrown away in Hainan every year, and this alone produces more than 700 tons of scrap iron, wood and paper. According to statistics, the country produces an average of 1.2 billion shirts every year, and 240000 tons of paper are used for packing boxes, which is equivalent to cutting 1.68 million trees with thick bowls. The cartons used for packing shirts are only a drop in the ocean. If we calculate the amount of paper used for packing all goods and the trees to be cut down, it is undoubtedly an amazing figure. The plastic products used for packaging can only be absorbed by the soil for more than 200 years. These chemical wastes cause serious pollution to the environment
at the Symposium on proposal negotiation and handling held by the CPPCC this year, zhouchangyi, deputy director of the environment and Resources Comprehensive Utilization Department of the national development and Reform Commission, revealed that Ma Kai, director of the national development and Reform Commission, had instructed his subordinates to introduce policies before the Mid Autumn Festival this year to strengthen the management of excessive packaging of moon cakes. The price department of the national development and Reform Commission and the Comprehensive Utilization Department of environment and resources are both studying countermeasures to deal with excessive packaging. The government may require that the price of moon cake packaging should not exceed a certain proportion of the total price of moon cakes
III. It is very important to improve relevant laws and regulations.
as early as 1972, Germany formulated the end treatment method after waste discharge, and promulgated the waste restriction and waste treatment law in 1986. The development direction has been raised from the viewpoint of "how to treat waste" to "how to avoid waste generation". In 1991, the packaging regulations were passed, requiring that the recycling of all kinds of packaging materials be stipulated as a national obligation. In 1996, the new circular economy and waste management law was put forward, which raised waste treatment to the height of developing circular economy and established a systematic supporting legal system. At present, the German government is introducing the third edition of the packaging regulations, which plans to impose a 25 Euro sub charge on all disposable packaged beverages. After 13 years, the basic principle of the packaging regulations has not changed: first, try to avoid the generation of packaging waste. Once the packaging waste is unavoidable, give priority to reuse, especially the use of materials, and then consider the use of energy and harmless removal. According to different purposes, Germany generally divides packaging into transportation packaging that protects products from damage during transportation, sales packaging that contains and protects commodities, and decorative packaging. In this regard, the packaging regulations have made specific provisions on the recycling of various packaging and the obligations of manufacturers and distributors. Since the promulgation of the regulations, the annual packaging consumption has been reduced by 1.4 million tons. The effective mechanism of this regulation has promoted the continuous improvement of the recycling rate of packaging materials in Germany. In 2003, Germany recovered 5.99 million tons of packaging materials, with a per capita of 72.6 kg
in order to reduce the waste of packaging and environmental pollution, Finland's relevant laws have made various explicit provisions on commodity packaging and packaging reuse. According to the relevant laws and regulations of Finland, Finnish manufacturers should limit the volume and weight of the packaging to the minimum when packaging goods, but the product packaging must meet the safety and health standards and be acceptable to ordinary consumers; During the design and manufacture of commodity packaging, the recycling and reuse of packaging must be considered, and its adverse impact on the environment must be minimized; In the process of packaging, the packaging materials must contain as few harmful substances as possible, so that the packaging waste will not cause harm to the environment. In Finland, manufacturers produce commodity packaging in strict accordance with the law, and the packaging cost generally accounts for only 2% to 10% of the commodity value. Among them, the packaging cost of cosmetics and food is relatively high, but the average packaging cost is only about 5% of the total product value. In September2004, Finland amended the waste law to reduce packaging waste and improve the reuse rate of packaging waste
1992, the Ministry of environment of the Republic of Korea launched the waste prepayment system, which stipulated that manufacturers should prepay part of the funds according to the outbound quantity of product packaging such as metal cans, glass bottles and cartons, and return the prepayment according to their proportion of packaging waste recycling. In 2000, the Ministry of environment of the Republic of Korea tried to sign an agreement on emission limitation between environmental protection departments and production enterprises to reduce waste discharge and prepare for the implementation of the system that producers are responsible for recycling waste. In january2003, the Korean government officially began to implement the producer reuse system. Before the implementation of this system, producers and operators shall selectively reuse packaging wastes, that is, only the wastes that are easy to be recycled shall be recycled, and the wastes that are not easy to be recycled shall be buried or destroyed as garbage. The implementation of the producer recycling system is to add the recycled packaging wastes to the producers, who are responsible for the recycling of packaging wastes, such as synthetic resin packaging materials, instant noodle boxes and plastic trays for inner packaging. Since january2004, PVC has been forbidden to be used in the packaging of eggs, fried foods, hamburgers, sandwiches and other foods. Since january2004, EPS has been prohibited from being used as shock proof packaging for 81 kinds of products with a packaging volume of less than 20000 cubic centimeters, such as audio, video and office appliances. According to the relevant statistics of the Korean government, the total amount of domestic waste, including packaging waste, has decreased by about 20% in the 10 years since the Korean government began to take measures to limit waste discharge in 1993. The recycling rate of domestic waste increased from 13% in 1993 to 44%. By 2008, the recycling rate of domestic waste in Korea will increase to 50%
among the current laws and regulations in China, there is no special legal document to prevent and control "white pollution" and packaging waste. For example, in the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of solid waste pollution, although the provisions on solid waste are also applicable to the prevention and control of "white pollution", there is a lack of pertinence to the prevention and control of "white pollution" due to the wide variety and extension of solid waste, and there is no provision in the chapter of the law that clearly stipulates that sanctions should be imposed on the acts and consequences that cause "white pollution". Another example is the regulations on the administration of urban appearance and environmental sanitation promulgated by the State Council, which focuses on the regulation of domestic waste. Although "white waste" is part of the engineering waste cultivated by domestic (7) industrial innovation and development service institutions, the treatment method of domestic waste is not fully applicable to the prevention and control of "white waste". Because the former focuses on "treatment", while the latter should focus on "recycling"On April 1st, 2004, the law of the people's Republic of China on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste will be formally implemented. The law clearly stipulates that the design and manufacturing of products and packaging materials should be developed more and more mature and comply with the relevant national regulations on cleaner production. Enterprises that produce, sell or import products and packaging materials listed in the compulsory recycling catalogue according to law must recycle such products and packaging materials in accordance with the relevant provisions of the state. The law on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste points out that the State encourages scientific research and production units to research and produce film covers and commodity packages that are easy to recycle, dispose of or degradable in the environment. Niyuefeng, deputy to the National People's Congress of the Zhejiang delegation, suggested that the State Council and relevant departments formulate regulations on packaging management in accordance with the cleaner production promotion law and the law on the prevention and control of environmental pollution by solid waste, strengthen the management and guidance of the packaging industry, and reduce resource waste and environmental pollution caused by excessive packaging of commodities
IV. suggestions on developing circular economy
1. Promoting the recycling of packaging waste
developing circular economy requires consumers to develop consumption habits conducive to the recycling of packaging waste. The environmental protection department shall set up classified garbage cans in parks, streets and residential areas to guide people to consciously recycle packaging wastes by classification. Promote and support the community to launch "green shopping" activities, go out to purchase goods, bring your own shopping bags as much as possible, reduce the use of "throw away" packaging, such as disposable plastic lunch boxes, plastic bags, paper cups, etc., and encourage people to use reusable and recycled packaging containers
recently, good news came from Shanghai, Hangzhou, Beijing, Shenzhen and other places. With the support of Tetra Pak, a new waste composite paper packaging recycling industry chain is gradually taking shape from south to north. Recycling manufacturers can make full use of waste paper packaging and turn it into many daily necessities with the help of advanced recycling technology. Shanghai Caile environmental protection products Co., Ltd. cooperates with Tetra Pak to produce recycled products such as garbage cans, outdoor floors, desks and chairs, and industrial trays with waste paper packaging. The composite paper packaging used for milk and soft drinks is composed of paper, plastic, aluminum and other multi-layer materials. For example, Tetra Pak brick packaging contains more than 70% of long fiber pulp and 20% of plastic. In the past, it was difficult to separate and reconstitute the pulp due to technical reasons, so it can only be used as garbage to be incinerated or landfilled. Recently, China has developed a new type of recycling equipment, which can effectively separate various materials packed with composite paper, so as to produce pulp and plastic particles, turn waste into treasure, and make the recycling rate of the main production plants of Yili company reach 100%. Investors in Beijing have negotiated with more than 300 waste collection stations about recycling, and will carry out recycling of composite paper packaging in 7 communities
2. Promote the promotion and application of "environmental protection signs"
Germany took the lead in promoting ecological packaging and using green signs. Subsequently, the European Union, the United States, Japan, Canada and other countries followed suit. "Environmental protection mark" is a green mark in international standards. WTO rules show that only products with "environmental protection mark" can enter the international market. Recently, the EU has reaffirmed the principle that product packaging must have "environmental protection mark". Driven by the trend of green consumption, people will no longer only pay attention to whether the quality of goods is qualified and whether the packaging is exquisite, but also pay more attention to whether the goods meet the requirements of environmental protection